Manas National Park, Assam

Manas National Park is situated on the foothills of the Himalayas and a part of it extends to Bhutan. It was declared a sanctuary on October 01, 1928 and was designated a World Heritage site in December 1985. The sanctuary is home to a great variety of wildlife, including tiger, Golden Langur, Wild Buffalo, Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, Capped Langur, Indian one-horned Rhinoceros, Elephant, Gaur, Hog Deer, etc.

Manas known for its Project Tigers, Rhinos & Elephants, and is Assam's one of the two Tiger projects. The scenic beauty and rare wealth of wild life combine with this unique world heritage site to offer one of the most enthralling experiences.

The tract of Brahmaputra Valley came under the occupation of the British East India Company following the “Yandaboo” treaty in 1826 A.D. At that time forest department in ASSAM was not constituted. The petty Revenue officers only levied some taxes on various forest products in an un organized manner. As a corrective measure 1850 A.D. The collector of Kamrup suggested to the commissioner of ASSAM. That a tax should be levied on timber felled instead of letting the timber trade remain un control and leaving the ordinary fixed officers ton levy the unauthorized ceases as they were in the habitat of doing at that time.

The tax proposed was 2 ½ annas for each. In addition the collector also proposed to establish at the same time a check on the felling of young as to ensure natural reproduction of Forest. During 1852 the board of revenue replaced this system and introduced that of farming certain area of tracks to the highest bidder for a period of not exceeding 5 years at a time. Restriction as a regards sizes were abolished leaving it for future consideration and Thus, commercialization of Assam timber began…

A scheme of preparing a general forest map of the lower provinces in Bengal was completed in 1868-69 as a prelude to the appointment of the first Forest officer in Assam in the same year. With his arrival, special examination with a view of selecting forests( Reserves) was commenced in 1870-71 and experimental timber and plantation works was started in the provinces in the same year i.e. 1870-71.

Constitutions of Reserve Forests started around 1874-75. Thus began the conservation history of Assam's wilderness.